Issues Women Experience During Pregnancy
The decision to get pregnant and to raise a baby is a very important one. This is a common dream that a lot of women share – to be the best mother on earth. But in order to achieve that dream you have to educate yourself on the many aspects of pregnancy, giving birth and raising a child.
Here we will discuss a few vital pregnancy issues that your sister, friend, mother and others may not have informed you of.
Often teens who fall pregnant or cause a girl to get pregnant, often do so due to the fact that they are involved in a pattern of very poor choices.
Teenagers who have a history of violence and delinquency, abuse drugs and alcohol at school, are failing or dropping out of school, have a higher rate of sexual activity.
While a teen is under the influence of drugs or alcohol, they are more likely to engage in risky sexual acts and much less likely to take care by using contraception during these acts. It is often found that teen girls who are involved with older teens or men were pressured into or had involuntary sex as a first experience.
It is also known that teenagers who begin with sexual activities early on in life, are more prone to teen/unwanted pregnancy.
Statistics show that girls between the ages of 16 and 24 suffer the most sexual attacks and rapes. Because of violence, a lot of young girls are unable to take control of their situations, rendering them to common sexually transmitted diseases, which is extremely harmful to the young mother and the unborn baby.
There is an astoundingly huge number of teens around the world that are affected by family violence on a daily basis, and it is important to know how the consequences of this affects their life.
Teen girls in abusive relationships were found to be three times more likely to turn pregnant than non-abused girls. A study was done among 474 teen mom’s all on government support and it was found that 55% of these girls suffered physical and mental abuse from their partners.
Another study has proved that premature birth is prevalent among teens that have been abused and battered due to the physical and mental toll it takes on their bodies. A total of 24% of these pregnant teens reported physical and sexual abuse during pregnancy.
Violence during pregnancy is also responsible for:
- Lower birth weight
- Premature birth
- Infections in the uterus.
- Injuries to the unborn baby
- Depression, anxiety, suicide and other mental health problems for the mother
Approximately 16 million women around the world between the ages of 15 and 19 years old give birth each year, which amounts to about 11% of all births worldwide.
Of these births, 95% of them occur in low to middle income countries. 2% of adolescent births happen in China, about 18% in Latin America and the Caribbean, and an astounding 50% in sub-Saharan Africa.
To prevent sexual risk-taking and unwanted pregnancy in teens, one needs to give them the skills and motivation to make informed decisions about sexuality and risk taking.
The environment to which a child is exposed to growing up, may have an important influence on their risk of teen pregnancy. Children of teen parents are more likely to be teen parents themselves.
Women who delay having children are less likely to live in poverty than teen mothers. 75% Of teenage moms go on government welfare within five years of having their first child.
In 2010 it was noted that only 50% of teens who had babies completed their high school diplomas by the age of 22. Moms who only gave birth at age 20 and older were 90% likely to receive their high school diploma.
An important issue regarding teen pregnancy is their access to comprehensive sexual education. This would include information about contraceptives, and has proved a lot more successful than educating them on abstinence only.
Should you in fact be pregnant here are some of the health related issues you will be facing
A lot of pregnant woman experience nausea, often called morning sickness. However should this result in severe vomiting, it would be advisable to seek medical advice. Medically this is referred to as hyperemesis gravidarum. It can also lead to severe weight loss and dehydration.
You could also be experiencing high blood pressure. Fortunately this condition does not affect a lot of pregnancies. You should however get medical advise if you are an older mother-to-be or suffer from obesity.
Some pregnant women also suffer from anemia. This condition causes the level of hemoglobin, the oxygen carrier compound of red blood cell to drop due to iron deficiencies. It is advisable to up your intake of green, leafy vegetables during your pregnancy period.
Supplements can also be used, but it is advisable to speak with your doctor before starting to take any over-the-counter vitamins as not all of them has been tested for pregnancies.
Infections are also more common during pregnancy as your body is programmed to have a higher tolerance during this period.
This is done to protect the foetus against an attack from your very own immune system. A decrease in deep breathing and urinary status from an enlarging uterus can also set on some infections.
Some other severe issues that are related to pregnancy are ectopic pregnancies and placental abruption. The former condition is very dangerous to the would-be-mother as the fetus attaches itself to the Fallopian tubes leading to internal damage as it starts to grow.
In most cases the body will terminate the pregnancy naturally. If however, this does not happen, the pregnancy is normally terminated medicinally to prevent serious injury or death. Placental abruption happens when the uterus and placenta separates.
This can be due to hypertension or drug use. If the fetus has grown old enough or the fetus is in distress, immediate delivery is usually advisable. The mother-to-be can also be monitored and treated in hospital if the abruption is less severe.
During pregnancy a baby has little to no immune system. This can lead to minor illness in the mother having severe consequences for the baby. It is also very common for the baby to become infected during birth as there is no placental barrier to protect the baby.
Common dangerous micro-organisms transferred during birth are often associated with sexually transmitted diseases like Hepatitis B, HIV, Gonorrhea and Chlamydia
Some woman also develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. This condition can even manifest itself in women never having any form of diabetes before. The causes are mainly due to human placental lactogen interfering with the body’s insulin receptors.
Typically, all women are screened for high blood sugar levels regularly during a pregnancy, so this would be easily detected. Fortunately this condition is easily treatable. If however left untreated it could result in abnormally large fetuses at time of delivery making labor difficult.
It could also result in the baby having low blood sugar levels and even jaundice, which fortunately is also treatable. Gestational diabetes, if left untreated could also be a contributing factor for women to develop Type 2 diabetes after their pregnancy.
Normal problems you can expect during pregnancy will be one or even all of the following. These are mainly due to your body changing as it prepares itself for labor. It could also be due to hormonal changes.
You may start to experience severe backaches. These are mainly due to ligaments inside your body becoming softer, stretching in order to prepare for labor.
This however leads to your back and other related muscle having less support than they normally have, resulting in various aches and pains
Another common issue are those of the bladder and bowel, especially during the later stages of pregnancy. Naturally, the fetus is growing and taking up more space inside your body.
This leads to pressure on various internal organs which can often result in having a constant urge to visit the restroom. Hormonal changes could also lead to urine having a higher acidic state, which in turn could trigger unitary tract infections.
Ensuring that you always stay hydrated is the best routine to follow. If severe complications with your bowel or bladder develops it would be best to consult with your doctor.
Your skin will also react to the hormonal changes, possibly changing in complexion or developing dark patches. This is mainly due to the skin being stimulated by the female hormones during pregnancy and is referred to as chloasma.
The skin will also develop more hair which will be lost again after pregnancy, so if you seem to be losing a lot of hair after having your child, you have no reason to worry.
Something a lot of woman experience during pregnancy is excessive fatigue. This is mainly due to hormonal changes and of course your baby also using some of your own energy. In the late term it could also be something as simple as having to constantly carry around an extra few pounds.
Even if your pregnancy is not planned, it could still be one of the most wonderful times of your life as you get to witness first hand how a new human is formed.
Try to relax and make your time as enjoyable as possible. You may not a future for you and your baby together, but fortunately there are a lot of assistance programs around that will likely make your life much easier.